Five more lunar locations get Chinese nameon Jan

ive more geographical entities on the moon have been given Chinese names, based on discoveri

es from China’s latest Chang’e 4 mission, according to a news conference on Friday.

The China National Space Administration, Chinese Academy of Sciences and International Astronomical Union held a j

oint news conference Friday to announce the five names approved by the IAU on Feb 4.

The landing site of the Chang’e 4 probe is named Statio Tianhe, and three annular pits around the landing site are called Zhin

yu, Hegu and Tianjin. The central peak in the Von Karman Crater is referred to as Mons Tai.

The five places are clearly shown on high-resolution images based on data from the Chang’e 2 and Chang’e 4 missions.

China’s Chang’e 4 probe, launched on Dec 8, landed on the Von Kar

man Crater in the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the far side of the moon on Jan 3.

Tianhe, another name for the galaxy in ancient China, implies that th

e Chang’e 4 probe served as a pioneer in the history of human lunar exploration.

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Moreover, the West likes to attack China by using Chinese

dissidents and their families. Western countries believe that they can easily dig up stories about those people and they can be easily manipulat

ed as well. However, what happened with Angela Gui has sent a clear message that there is always the risk of it backfiring. Those peopl

e are fully aware of being used by some Western interests, which results in a strong sense of insecurity and suspicion. Some of them are also selfish. A f

ew years ago, a Chinese dissident well-known in the West left China for the US and later embarrassed his American patrons.

Furthermore, nowadays Western public opinion is increasingly radical and populist, which has made it difficult for some countrie

s to adopt a realistic approach and repair relations with China after disputes. Some prominent for

eigners who have a comprehensive understanding of China are facing an increasing risk of acting differently from t

he radical sentiment. Recently, John McCallum, Canadian ambassador to China, was criticized and finally lost his po

sition, due to his attempt to ease the China-Canada relationship regarding the incident of Meng Wanzhou.

Last but not least, the incident has primarily embarrassed the Swedish Foreign Ministry m

ore than causing trouble to China. Some Western media claim that Anna Lindstedt’s behavior pr

oves China exercises significant influence on ambassadors of Western countries to China. Such a comment is hi

ghly unprofessional and makes no sense except to show they do not know what they are talking about. Am

bassadors are usually among those in their own country who hope at the utmost to maintain sound relations with th

e country to which they are posted. Generally, they are supposed to play a dovish role, not a hawkish one. Some We

stern media authors need to learn basic ABC knowledge of diplomacy. (The author is a commentator with the Global Times)

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Japan aims to expand political clout by creating global milit

In April and July, Japan signed the Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreement (ACSA), a military logistics pac

t, with Canada and France respectively. The Japanese government will try to get it approved by the National D

iet this year. Canada and France are also advancing domestic procedures for its approval.

The agreement will enable the provision of food, fuel and military supplie

s between Japan’s Self-Defense Forces (SDF) and French and Canadian armies. Jap

an has also inked ACSAs with the US, the UK, Australia and India. Why did Japan sign such an agreement?

After WWII, especially in the late 1960s when Japan became an economic powerhouse, it was no longer satisfied with its status as a military microstate.

In the mid-1980s, Japan accelerated the pace to push its SDF onto the w

orld stage with the aim of becoming a major political power.

In 1996, Japan signed the ACSA with the US, followed by one with Austr

alia in 2010. After the new security law took effect on March 29, 2016, Japan amended t

he two ACSAs, which enabled more flexible provision of ammunition in wartime between the signatories.

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Ministry of Education addresses Zhai plagiarism case

The Ministry of Education has zero tolerance for academic misconduct and has ordered relevant universities and education authorities to investigate pl

agiarism allegations leveled at actor Zhai Tianlin, a ministry spokeswoman said on Friday.

The investigation will not only include Zhai’s plagiarism allegations, but also possible miscond

uct of other people that allowed this to happen, ministry spokeswoman Xu Mei said at a news conference.

“We have zero tolerance for behaviors that ignore academic rules and standards and undermine education equality,” she said.

The universities and Beijing education authorities will seriously look i

nto the case and publish the investigation’s results as soon as possible, she added.

The Beijing Education Commission and the Education Work Committee of the

Beijing Committee of the Communist Party of China sent an investigative team to

the Beijing Film Academy - where Zhai got his PhD-to look into the matter, the academy said on Thursday.

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Naturalization becomes increasingly popularup quarterfinal

China lost 3-0 to Iran in late January in the Asian Cup quarterfinal, conceding all three goals due to defensive errors. “When you face a strong team like Iran, you

have to avoid making the mistakes. I did not expect we lost the game in this way,” China coach Marcello Lippi said.

With the Olympic qualifying tournament and the 2022 World Cup quali

fying campaign around the corner, China faces an uphill battle with a limited squad.

Hou Sæter’s versatility has been praised by Guo’an head coach, Rog

er Schmidt, who has said the midfielder can play a number of positions across the pitch.

Naturalization has become increasingly popular in international football in recent

years, and has been used by Japan, the Philippines, and AFC Asian Cup holders Qatar.

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Mentality of US poses biggest threat to humanity from space

Forget asteroids, it is the United States and its pathological need to maintain its he

gemony at any cost that pose the biggest threat to humanity from space.

In its latest Defense Intelligence Agency report, the US claims that Russia and Chi

na have taken steps to challenge the US in space technology, blatantly ig

noring the fact that space does not belong to it, and every country has the right to peacefully explore it.

The report says that “long-standing technological and cost barriers to

space are falling, enabling more countries and commercial firms to participate in sa

tellite construction, space launch, space exploration and human spaceflight”.

But from the way it talks about what China and Russia or other countries have a

chieved in their development of space technology, it seems as if the US believes th

at when it planted a flag on the moon it staked the claim to have the sole use of space.

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Despite China’s reiteration about it being committed to pea

ceful exploration of space and its openness to cooperation with any country in its development of space technology, the US will not give up its desire to hav

e dominance in this domain, and it is devoting a great deal of effort to presenting China and Russia as threats to serve this purpose.

Its huge investment in the development of a “Space Force” will, as a result, inevitably give rise

to an arms race off the Earth, which will shatter the human dream of the peaceful exploration of space.Be

ijing’s environmental watchdog is considering adopting the National VI (B) emission standards ahead of the cou

ntry’s scheduled time, aiming to reduce vehicle emissions and enhance air pollution control in the capital.

According to a draft plan published by the Beijing Municipal Ecological Environment Bureau on Monday, the new st

andard would come into effect first for diesel-powered trucks in public transportation and environmental sa

nitation industries and heavy-duty vehicles powered by gas in July, and then extend to other vehicles beginning in 2020.

Sales of these vehicles would be banned after the respective deadlines, but owners could

still register vehicles that meet the current standard one month after these deadlines, according to the draft.

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The central authorities plan to adopt the National VIemission

The bureau is soliciting public opinion on the draft until Feb 20.

With the new standard, major polluting gas from light-duty vehicles, including ca

rbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide, will be reduced by about 50 percent and em

issions of particulate matter will be reduced by about 40 percent, according to the bureau.

For heavy-duty diesel-powered trucks, the emissions of nitrogen oxide and particulate matter are expected to drop by more than 60 percent, it said.

Mobile sources, mainly vehicles, contributed 45 percent of locally generated

hazardous particles known as PM2.5 in 2017, outnumbering all other types of sources, according to the bureau.

Beijing has seen continuous improvement in its air quality. The PM2.5 density in th

e capital in 2018 stood at 51 micrograms per cubic meter, down by 12.1 percent year-on-year.

Officials and experts have said, however, it could be increasingly challe

nging for the city to further reduce air pollution after the local government has taken all ma

jor measures that could achieve quick results, including the shifting of bulk coal to clean energy as a heating source.

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Space a new realm for Sino-US cooperationational Space Ad

After the successful landing of the Chang’e-4 lunar probe on the far side of the moon on Jan 3, Ch

ina is planning to launch Chang’e-5, a more advanced lunar probe, later this year to collect samples from the moon.

The Chang’e-4 mission, the first such mission in history, was an important m

ilestone in the lunar exploration program of not only China but also the wo

rld. About 50 years ago, the United States’ Apollo 11 landed the first humans on the moon, marking a critical step in spa

ce exploration. But no human has landed on the moon after 1972. Since Apollo 11, according to the US, effectively en

ded its space race with the Soviet Union, the Americans abandoned all ambitions to further explore space.

“Project Apollo” did not prompt other countries to join the space race because no country ot

her than the US and the Soviet Union could afford the huge costs. Even the US found it extremely difficult to s

ustain the project. For example, the cost of launching the Saturn V rocket, the carrier of Apollo 11 in 1969, was nearly $40

0 million, almost equal to the total budget of the US National Science Foundation that year.

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Today, the situation is radically different. Space exploration is

nger the prerogative of the US and Russia. Apart from the US, Russia and China, India too has worked out an ambitious plan to put astronauts in space by 2022.

Constantly improving manufacturing and new material technologies have remarkably reduced the cost of space launches. The pr

ivate US company Space X has successfully launched recoverable rockets, and its launch cost per kilogram payload has fallen below $2,000, one-ten

th that of a space shuttle launch. And for China and India, the cost of one rocket launch is less than $5,000 per kg.

Another major change helping space exploration is the advancement in 3D printing technology, which now allows astr

onauts to produce parts and components in the International Space Station and thus reduces the number of sup

ply vehicle launches. 3D printing will play a big role in the construction of a permanent space station on the moon.

These technological advancements have propelled a new wave of space fever ac

ross the world. While US President Donald Trump has reactivated the space ex

ploration program that aims to land humans on Mars by 2033, private space companies such as Space X and Blue Ori

gin have used advanced technologies to their full advantage to move ahead in the space race.

For China, building a permanent space station and a rocket launch platform on the moon will

be critical to advanced space exploration. Actually, China is moving closer to fulfilling that objective.

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